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如何用英语写信?

        暑期来临,如何用英语写一篇不错的信件作文,山姆大叔少儿英语为你帮忙。

英文书信信文一般应包含如下部分:“信头”、“信内地址”“称呼”、“正文”、“结束语”和“签名”。

信头:

信头指的是发信人的地址和日期,但不要写发信人的姓名。地址写法与信封上地址的格式顺序相同。在日期上,美国人采用“月、日、年”的顺序(如: August 2, 2013),日与年之间有逗号;而英国人则多用“日、月、年”顺序,且日、月、年之间都不用逗号(如:2 August 1982)

信内地址:

信内地址指的是收信人的姓名和地址。收信人的姓名一般都要加上头衔或尊称以表示礼貌。常用的有:Mr.(先生)Mrs.(太太)Miss(小姐)Ms(女士,不区别婚否)Dr.(博士)President(总统)Premier(总理)。地址的写法和顺序跟上述的信封格式是一样的。

称呼:

收信人的称呼写在信纸左侧,在信内地址一至两个行距下(若无信内地址,则向上推至信首)。一般来说在收信人的名字和尊称前加上惯用词Dear,例如:Dear Ms Liu, Dear Professor Chen等。

正文:

这是书信的主要部分。在写公务信件的时候,应该力求开门见山,语言简洁,层次清晰,重点突出。在给亲友写信的时候,尽量做到态度热情、语言简练。

结束语:

与汉语的书信一样,英语书信也需要一个客套的结束语,内容和格式都比较单一固定:结束语的第一个字母总是大写,后面用逗号。若写给比较陌生的对象或者公务信件常常用Yourself turly, YoursFaithfully, yours sincerely”,在美国经常省略Yours,直接用Sincerely一词;若写给上级、长者或者老师,常用“Yours respectfully;若写给亲属或密友的话则常用“Your loving dad (mon, daughter,son)”,“Yours”,“Yours ever”,“Yours affectionately”等。

签名:

为了体现信件的真实性,写信人在一般都应该在信件的结尾处亲笔签名。最好也能打印重复一遍,这是为了方便对方辨认。如果是给陌生人写信,女性朋友在打印签名的时候都用括号注上Mrs.”或“Miss”,这样对方就知道怎么称呼你。

作文案例

Dear Mercy,

How is everything going! Last time you said you are anxious now because you find it hard to learn English well. Dont worry. I think you have to improve your English step by step. And I will right behind you. In my view, you should develop you interest on English first. According to my experience, I think watching English movie, listen to some wonderful English songs and talk in English on the Internet would be helpful. Secondly, you have to prepare lessons before class that will help you understand what the teacher says in the class. I know you feel bored in the class, but you have force yourself to be concentrated. A few days later you will feel it a little easy to learn English. The left steps I will tell next time. By the way, we have not seen each other since your family move to Hunan a year ago. Have you ever thought about going back to visit me and learn English together in the coming Summer vacation. Looking forward to your reply.  

  Yours,

  Li Hua

 

 

Dear Mercy,

How is everything going! Last time you said you are anxious now because you find it hard to learn English well. Dont worry. I think you have to improve your English step by step. And I will right behind you. In my view, you should develop you interest on English first. According to my experience, I think watching English movie, listen to some wonderful English songs and talk in English on the Internet would be helpful. Secondly, you have to prepare lessons before class that will help you understand what the teacher says in the class. I know you feel bored in the class, but you have force yourself to be concentrated. A few days later you will feel it a little easy to learn English. The left steps I will tell next time. By the way, we have not seen each other since your family move to Hunan a year ago. Have you ever thought about going back to visit me and learn English together in the coming Summer vacation. Looking forward to your reply.

  Best wishes,

  Li

 

 

Dear Lucy,

I am so glad to receive your letter and happy to know that you have a pleasant holiday. Please send my sincere wishes to your parents. I have a happy holiday just like you do. This holiday, I visited to Guangzhou with my parents. Guangzhou, also known as the Flower City, there are many flowers along the both sides of streets. Its very beautiful. Besides, the environment is clean and the climate is comfortable. There are many skyscrapers in Guangzhou, especially in the downtown. We visited to many tourist attractions. They are all worth visiting. I hope you can visit there personally one day. You must like it.

  Best wishes.

  Sincerely yours,

  Alva

 

小学英语句型

I 询问姓名、年龄:nameHow old

 

1. ----Whats your name? ----你叫什么名字?

 ----My name is ________. ----我叫……。

2. ----Whats his name? ----他的名字是什么?

----His name is Mike. ----他的名字是麦克。

3. ----Whats her name? ----她的名字是什么?

----Her name is Chen Jie.----她的名字是陈婕。

  4.----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

 ----Im 12. ----我十二岁。

5. ----How old is he/she? ----/她几岁了?

----He/She is 23. ----/23岁。

 

II 询问颜色:colour

 

  1.----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----Its yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

  2.----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----Theyre green. ----绿色的。

 

III 询问时间或日期:When

 

  1.----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

 ----Its nine oclock.. Its time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。

 (----Its eight oclock. Its time to go to bed.) ----八点。该上床睡觉了。)

  2.----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

 ----Its Monday. ----星期一。

 ----What do we have on Mondays? ----我们星期一上哪些课?

----We have Chinese, English, math ----语文、英语、数学……

  3.----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?

 ----Its October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日.国庆节。

  4.----When do you do morning exercises? ----你们什么时候做早锻炼?

 ----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常830做早锻炼。

 

IV 询问方位或地方:Where

 

  1.----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?

 ----Its here, under the chair. ----在这儿.在椅子下面。

  2.----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

 ----Its on the first floor. ----在一楼。

  3.----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

 ----Theyre in the door. ----在门上。

  4.----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起.请问图书馆在哪儿?

 ----Its near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

  5.----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

 ----Im from China. ----我从中国来。

  6.----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

 ----It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。

 

V 询问数量或价钱:How many How much

 

  1.----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?

 ----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。

  2.----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?

 ----I have 16. ----我有十六支。

  3.----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人?

 ----Three. ----三人。

  4.----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?

 ----Its ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。

  5.----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?

 ----Theyre thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

 

XVI How”问句:How tall, How heavy, How long

 

  1.----How tall are you? ----你有多高?

 ----Im 160 cm tall. Im taller than you. ----我有160公分。我比你高。

  2.----How heavy are you? ----你有多重?

 ----Im 48 kg. Youre heavier than me. ----我有48公斤。你比我重。

  3.----How do you go to school? ----你怎么上学?

 ----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. ---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。

  4.----How can I get to Zhongshan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去?

 ----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。

 (----Go straight for five minutes. Then turn left. Its on the left.) ----直走五分钟。然后左转。公园就在左边。

5. How long 有多长?

 

VIII询问身体状况或情绪:feel, matter

 

  1.----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

 ----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

  ----Howdoes Chen Jie feel? ----陈洁感觉如何?

 ----Shes tired. ----她很疲倦。

  2.----Whats the matter? ----怎么了?

 ----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat. ----我的喉咙疼。

  3.----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗.莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。

 ----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。

 

VI 询问想吃的东西:would like

 

  1.----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ? ----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

 ----Id like some bread and milk / rice and soup. ----我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

  2.----Whats for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么?

 ----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。

 

VII 询问天气状况:weather

 

  1.----Whats the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何?

 ----Its rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢?

 ----Its sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天.天气很热。

 

IX 询问职业、身份或人物:Who , What

 

  1.----Whats your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的?

 ----Hes a doctor. / Shes a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。

  2.----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的?

 ----Shes a TV reporter. / Hes a teacher. He teaches English.

----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

  3.----Whos that man / woman? ----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

 ----Hes my father. / Shes my mother. ----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。

  4,----Whos this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?

 ----Hes my brother. / Shes my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。

  5.----Whos your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?

 ----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

  ----Whatsshe like? ----她长什么样儿?

 ----Shes young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

 

X 询问兴趣、喜好:favourite

 

  1.----Whats your favourite food / drink? ----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么?

 ----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。

  2.----Whats your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么?

 ----Winter. ----冬天。

 (----Which season do you like best? ----你最喜欢哪个季节?

  ----Winter.)----冬天。)

 ----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?

 ----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。

  3.----Whats your hobby? ----你的爱好是什么?

 ----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。

 ----Whats his hobby? ----他的爱好是什么?

 ----He likes riding a bike. ----他喜欢骑自行车。

  4.----Do you like peaches? ----你喜欢吃桃子吗?

 ----Yes, I do. / No, I dont. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。

 

XI 询问平时一般做的事情:What

 

  1.----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?

 ----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football. ----我通常做作业.有时候踢足球。

 

XII 询问正在做的事情:What + -ing

 

  1.----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?

 ----Im doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。

  2.----Whats your father doing? ----你父亲正在做什么?

 ----Hes writing an e-mail. ----他正在写电子邮件。

  3.----Whats the tiger doing? ----那只老虎在干什么?

 ----Its running. ----它在奔跑。

  4.----What are the elephants doing? ----那些大象在干什么?

 ----Theyre drinking. ----它们正在喝水。

 

XIII 询问将要做的事情:What/Where/When + going

 

  1.----What are you going to do? ----你准备做什么?

 ----Im going to the cinema. ----我准备去看电影。

 ----When are you going to do? ----你准备什么时候去?

 ----This afternoon. ----今天下午。

  2.----where are you going this afternoon? ----今天下午你准备到哪儿去?

 ----Im going to the bookstore. ----我准备到书店去。

 ----What are you going to buy? ----你打算买点儿什么?

 ----Im going to buy a comic book. ----我准备买本漫画书。

 

XIV 询问曾经做的事情:

 

1. ----Where did you go last weekend / yesterday/ on your holiday?

----你上周末/昨天/假期到哪儿去了?

 ----I went to Wuhan. ----我去了武汉。

  2.----How did you go there? ----你怎么去的?

 ----I went by train. ----我坐火车去的。

  3.----What did you do there? ----你在那儿做了些什么?

  ----Iwent shopping. ----我去购物了。

 

XV 一般疑问句:

 

  1.----Is this your bedroom? ----这是你的卧室吗?

 ----Yes, it is. ----是的。

 ----Is your sister in the living room? ----你姐姐在客厅吗?

 ----No, she isnt. / Yes, she is. ----不在。/ 在。

  2.----Is this your skirt? ----这是你的短裙吗?

 ----Yes, it is. / No, it isnt. ----是的。/ 不是。

  3.----Is your English teacher young? ----你的英语老师年轻吗?

 ----Yes, she is. / No, she isnt. ----是的。/.她不年轻。

  4.----Are these / those / they cucumbers? ----这些 / 那些是黄瓜吗?

 ----Yes, they are. / No, they arent. ----是的。/ 不是的。

  5.----Is there a river in the park? ----公园里有一条小河吗?

 ----Yes, there is. / No, there isnt. ----有。/ 没有。

 ----Are there any bridges in your village? ----你们村子里有桥吗?

 ----Yes, there are. / No, there arent. ----有。/ 没有。

  6.----Can I wear my new shirt today? ----我今天可以穿新衬衫吗?

 ----Yes, you can. / No, you cant. ----可以。/ 不可以。

  7.----Can you wash your clothes? ----你会洗衣服吗?

 ----Yes, I can. / No, I cant. ----会。/ 不会。

  8.----Does your pen pal live in Shanghai? ----你的笔友住在上海吗?

 ----No, he doesnt. He lives in Beijing. ----.他住在北京。

  9.----Does she teach English? ----她教英语吗?

 ----No, she doesnt. She teaches math. ----.她教数学。

  10.----Did you read books yesterday? ----你昨天读书了吗?

 ----Yes, I did. / No, I didnt. ----读了。/ 没读。

 

XVII 其他:

  1.----Whats in the classroom? ----教室里有什么?

 ----A board, six lights, three fans, many desks and chairs.

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